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United States Mints in the Western Frontier 
San Francisco United States Mint
In 1848, Gold was discovered near San Francisco at Sutter's Mill. In no time, Gold fever spread across the Wild Western frontier. Thousands of forty-niners found their fortunes during the "California Gold Rush." By 1857, the luckiest miners were headed back East, their pockets filled with Gold nuggets. 
The first of the Western Frontier United States Mints was established
in San Francisco.
San Francisco Mint  San Francisco Mint 
The San Francisco Mint opened in 1854 and continues to mint coins with an "S" mint mark.
Denver United States Mint
The Colorado Gold finds of 1858 brought miners by the thousands to the Rocky Mountains. By this time, the 1830's California Gold Rush was long over.  Miners moved on to the mountains west of Denver where mining towns like Central City, Idaho Springs, and Black Hawk grew up quickly.  The influx of a growing population created local demand for a coinage facility.  Congress finally established a branch of the United States Mint in Denver. The second of the Western Frontier United States Mints was established.
Denver Mint
The Denver Mint officially began as a branch in 1906 striking coins with the "D"
mint mark.
Carson City United States Mint
In 1859, hungry prospectors returning empty handed from the California Gold rush stumbled on what we know today as the famous Comstock Lode in the Sierra Mountains of Nevada in the Wild West Frontier Days and the birth of the Carson City Mint evolved. The third of the Western Frontier United States Mints was established.
Carson City Mint Carson City Mint
The US branch Mint at Carson City minting coins from 1870 to 1893 using the "CC"
mint mark.

Modern Mints Today red arrow U.S. Mint Philadelphia | U.S. Mint Denver | U.S. Mint West Point
Southern Branch Mints red arrow U.S. Mint New Orleans | U.S. Mint Charlotte | U.S. Mint Dahlolenga
Western Frontier Mints red arrow U.S. Mint San Francisco | U.S. Mint Carson City

This site is a "Guide to United States Mint History" and is privately owned for the education and entertainment of coin collectors.  We are not affiliated directly nor indirectly with the United States Mint or any government agency.

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